Beauty & Cosmetic
The ins and outs of Microblading Process
The use of cosmetics dates back hundreds or even thousands of years in human history. Microblading is a technique that creates a natural-looking brow using color pigments, has become the latest craze in the cosmetics world, and it started to become a popular beautification method in the United States.
But it has not entirely replaced conventional brow micropigmentation methods: some people are not suitable to undergo the procedure because of how the color pigment manually deposits in their skin using tiny tears when undergoing this procedure. The use of this technique has increased exponentially since 2014, as shown from millions of Internet searches, especially on social media sites like Facebook, Twitter or Instagram.
With the growing popularity, as well as the number of tattoo artists that are doing these types of procedures, there has also been a growth in the complications and side effects from microblading given by unlicensed and poorly trained “professionals,” an issue assisted by the absence of proper training requirements or regulatory supervision in a lot of states.
This procedure is also known as brow embroidery, dermal implantation, micropigmentation, microfeathering, three-dimensional eyebrow or microstroking. It is a permanent makeup method and like all tattoos, ink or color pigment will fade as time goes by.
What is microfeathering? Click here to find out more.
Compared with conventional tattoos that are made with machines, microblading is done manually using a single-use, disposable, handheld and sterile tool to deposit a hair-like stroke of coloring pigments into the skin’s dermis. Color fading happens with this procedure compared to conventional micropigmentation methods that are performed using a machine.
It is caused by color pigment expulsion that occurred because of bleeding during the procedure. Permanent makeup tools can deposit color pigment into the skin’s dermis, which limits color pigment expulsion and bleeding; therefore, the fading process has a much slower rate.
This method is revolutionary that can transform the lives of people suffering from trichotillomania, hypotrichosis of the brows, loss of eyebrows due to internal issues like thyroid problems, Alopecia or chemotherapy-induced brow loss. It can also help people looking for effective cosmetic improvement.
The art of brow shaping depends on the natural growth of the eyebrows, meticulous measurement, mapping of the eyebrow and natural growth of the brow based on your facial landmarks or bone structure. The color pigment selection is based on skin color undertone, as well as skin your type.
Like any tattoo, issues can happen. Although it is extremely rare, allergies to color pigments, granulomatous reactions, aggravation of underlying skin problems like allergic contact dermatitis or psoriasis and HSV or herpes simplex virus infections can happen. Not only that, some procedures are performed by people with little to no experience in the blood safety process; infectious diseases can occur.
While expert dermatologists usually don’t perform this kind of procedure, we may see a number of patients that will experience these types of complications. Professionals treating a patient who undergo microblading procedure should need to be aware of how they can prevent a premature fading of the brow tattoo pigment.
Tattooed brows need to be covered with petroleum jelly before using alpha-hydroxy acids, chemical peels, retinol, hydroquinone or vitamin C because the preparation can make the fading of color pigments a lot faster even it is applied far from the brow.
Any exposure to ultraviolet, heat like steam used in facials, radiofrequency or LED light can fade the color pigment and aggravate post inflammatory hyperpigmentation. People who have a long history of keloids or hypertrophic scarring, as well as using isotretinoin regularly, should avoid doing the procedure at all costs.
Intense pulsed-light and resurfacing lasers also need to be avoided as they will cause pigment fading even if it was applied at a considerable distance from the brow. This procedure needs to be covered with zinc oxide (20%) before being exposed to resurfacing or pulse-light lasers.
Despite the absolute aggressive and precise safety precautions that are needed when doing this type of procedure, there are a lot of state-to-state variations in regulatory oversight and training.
Poor treatment outcomes, unsterile conditions and infectious diseases are some of the few consequences when it comes to untrained and unlicensed tattoo professionals. Regulations need to be imposed on all states in the country to help protect clients and prevent any serious medical complications related to this procedure process.
Not only that, professional dermatologists need to be aware of the procedure and should be cautious when it comes to skincare regimens, as well as in-office procedures that can affect the longevity or aesthetics of microblading brows and any forms of cosmetic tattoo.
Patients inquiring about the said treatments need to be counseled to find a trained and licensed micropigmentation professionals operating in their state or city, who also has the right safety certification like First Aid Certification and proper training with Bloodborne Pathogens, insurance and performing the procedure in a licensed facility that has a sterile, disposable, and single-use tools, equipment and color pigments. Like most cosmetic procedures, cheaper treatment is never better.